It is believed that the Xia Dynasty was the first ever dynasty of ancient China. According to historical accounts and legends, the Xia Dynasty first ruled the entire China. However, there are no confirmed archeological artifacts and remains that would support the theory that the Xia Dynasty was, in fact, China’s first ruling dynasty.
Ancient legends chronicle the rise and the fall of a small kingdom found along the Yellow River some 500 years from 2,100 B.C. to 1,600 B.C. The ancient account are found in the Records of the Grand Historian. It was written some time between 109 B.C. and 91 B.C. by one Sima Qian.
It is hard to believe these accounts to be accurate, especially if there were no recorded accounts of it. According to historians, the myth of the Xia Dynasty was passed in histories through words of mouth.
Also, some archeologists disputed that the Bronze Age towns that were discovered a few years ago are actually the remains of the Xia Dynasty. Unless there are discovered new evidence, it is highly unlikely to know if the accounts found in those texts are actually accurate, and if Xia Dynasty was really the first ruling Dynasty of China.