Whether we like it or not, millions of people across the globe had played or watched basketball games because this is one of the most popular ball games in the world. Of course, this particular game is continuously grabbing the attention of many basketball fans and even spending money to meet their favorite superstar players. Now, did you know on when the first basketball game in the world happened?
According to history, Dr. James Naismith founded this particular ball game and started the first basketball game on December 21, 1891 in Springfield, Massachusetts. Naismith that time set important rules when playing the game and instructed the participating players to understand the rules when they play. He created two teams with 9 players each who all came from his own class and competed at the Armory Street court.
As part of the history also, all the players had agreed to call the game basketball, which they based on having a ball and a basket used for the game. Based on the shared information online about the 13 rules he established; it is important to shoot the ball into the baskets of which they nailed on the lower rails on the balcony of the gym.
Because the basketballs are fruit containers, they have to hole and so every shot made needs someone to remove the ball inside the basket using a ladder. After observing that it is somehow tiring to remove the ball inside the basket using a ladder, they thought about removing the bottom covers of the baskets and allowing the ball to come out when shooting the ball.
The following are the 13 rules of James Naismith:
- The ball may be thrown in any direction with one or both hands.
- The ball may be batted in any direction with one or both hands.
- A player cannot run with the ball, the player must throw it from the spot on which he catches it, allowance to be made for a man who catches the ball when running at good speed.
- The ball must be held in or between the hands, the arms or body must not be used for holding it.
- No shouldering, holding, pushing, tripping or striking in any way the person of an opponent shall be allowed. The first infringement of this rule by any person shall count as a foul, the second shall disqualify him until the next goal is made, or if there was evident intent to injure the person, for the whole of the game, no substitute.
- A foul is striking the ball with the fist, violation of rules 3 and 4, and such as described in rule 5.
- If either side makes three consecutive fouls it shall count a goal for opponents.
- A goal shall be made when the ball is thrown or batted from grounds into the basket and stays there. If the ball rests on the edge and the opponent moves the basket it shall count as a goal.
- When the ball goes out of bounds it shall be thrown into the field and played by the person first touching it. In case of a dispute, the umpire shall throw it straight into the field. The “thrower-in” is allowed five seconds. If he holds it longer it shall go to the opponent. If any side persists in delaying the game, the umpire shall call a foul on them.
- The umpire shall be the judge of the men and shall note the fouls, and notify the referee when three consecutive fouls have been made.
- The referee shall be the judge of the ball and shall decide when the ball is in play, in-bounds, and to which side it belongs, and shall keep the time. He shall decide when a goal has been made and keep account of the goals with any other duties that are usually performed by a referee.
- The time shall be fifteen-minute halves, with five-minute rests between.
- The side making the most goals in that time shall be declared the winner. In the case of a draw, the game may, by agreement of the captains, be continued until another goal is made.
On March 11, 1892, they made a decision to play the first basketball game in public in Springfield, Massachusetts.
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