AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICES EPUB!
An agricultural extension service offers technical advice on agriculture to farmers, and also supplies them with the necessary inputs and services to support their agricultural production. It provides information to farmers and passes to the farmers new ideas developed by agricultural research stations. All farmers demand and access high quality Agricultural extension services. MISSION. To provide demand driven Agricultural extension services in partnership. Agricultural extension is the application of scientific research and knowledge to agricultural practices through farmer education. Generally, agricultural extension can be defined as the “delivery of information inputs to farmers.”.
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IFPRI has developed a framework for designing and analyzing extension, agricultural extension services has several research programs studying extension projects. Alternative models have emerged that recognise other actors than traditional public extension services — including agribusiness companies, NGOs, agro-dealers, producer organisations and farmer to farmer exchanges.
Many countries, especially in Latin America, have privatised and contracted out advisory services. After years of neglect and disinvestment, there has been renewed emphasis and new approaches to demand-led extension.
Within the donor community, a revitalised and expanded role for advisory and information services is seen as central to pro-poor agricultural growth. Contribution to Sustainable Intensification Increasing productivity on current land requires significant investment in agricultural research and extension.
Extension agricultural extension services provide farmers with the tools and knowledge they need to adopt new sustainable methods of farming in order to increase their yields, improve their food security and livelihoods and build resilience against climate shocks.
agricultural extension services
Agricultural extension - Wikipedia
Importantly, farmers can be encouraged to achieve more with existing resources and prevent the expansion of arable land and to restore those lands that have been degraded. For example, in approximately BC, the minister responsible for agriculture under one of agricultural extension services Zhou dynasty emperors organized the teaching of crop rotation and drainage to farmers.
The minister also leased equipment to farmers, built grain stores and supplied free food during times of famine. The British Government arranged for "practical instructors" to travel to rural areas and teach small farmers how to cultivate alternative crops.
This scheme attracted the attention of government officials agricultural extension services Germany, who organized their own system of traveling instructors.
By the end of the 19th century, the idea had spread to Denmark, Netherlands, Italy, and France. The term "university extension" was first used by the Universities of Cambridge and Oxford in to describe teaching activities that extended the work of the institution beyond the campus.
Most of these early activities were agricultural extension services, however, related to agriculture. In the United States, the Hatch Act of established a system of agricultural experiment stations in conjunction with each state's land-grant universityand the Smith-Lever Act of created a system of cooperative extension to be operated by those universities in order to inform people about current developments in agriculture, home economics, and related subjects.
Four generations of extension in Asia[ edit ] Agricultural extension meeting in NepalAgricultural extension meeting in LaosThe development of extension services in modern Asia has differed from country to country.
Despite the variations, it is possible to identify a general sequence of four periods or "generations": Experimental stations were established in many Asian countries by the colonial powers. The focus of attention was usually on agricultural extension services crops such as rubbertea, cotton, and sugar.
Technical advice was provided to plantation managers and large landowners. Assistance to small farmers who grew subsistence crops was rare, except in times of crisis.
After independence, commodity-based extension services emerged from the remnants of the colonial system, with production targets established as part of five-year development plans.