Biography of German playwright Bertolt Brecht, plus links to all of his works currently in print. Visit to learn more about Bertolt Brecht, German poet and playwright, exiled from Nazi Germany. Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht known professionally as Bertolt Brecht, was a German theatre practitioner, playwright, and poet. Living in Munich during the  Nationality‎: ‎German.


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Bertolt Brecht | German dramatist |

He spent a bertolt brecht in Zurich, working mainly on Antigone-Modell adapted from Hulderlin's translation of Sophocles; produced and on his most important theoretical work, the Kleines Organon fur das Theater ; "A Little Organum for the Theatre".

The essence of his theory of drama, as revealed in this work, is the idea that a truly Marxist drama must avoid the Aristotelian premise that the audience should be made to believe that what they are witnessing is happening here and now. For he saw that if the audience really felt that the emotions of heroes of the past--Oedipus, or Lear, or Hamlet--could bertolt brecht have been their own reactions, then the Marxist idea that human nature is not constant but a result of changing historical conditions would automatically be invalidated.

Brecht therefore argued that the theatre should not seek to make its audience believe in the presence of the characters on the stage--should not make it identify with them, but should rather follow the method of the epic poet's art, which is to make the audience realize that what it sees on the stage is merely an account of past events that it should watch with critical detachment.

Hence, the "epic" narrative, nondramatic theatre is based on detachment, on the Verfremdungseffekt alienation effectachieved through a number of devices that remind the spectator that he is being presented with a demonstration of human behaviour in scientific spirit rather than with an illusion of reality, in short, that the theatre is only a theatre and not the world itself.

He did not care to keep up appearances, and because of his scruffy, unshaven appearance, East German security guards once excluded him from a Berlin reception being held in his own honor.

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Brecht wrote very few plays in his last years in Berlin, none of them as famous as his previous works, although he did make some attempts at a play following the careers of Einstein and J.

Bertolt brecht Oppenheimer, and he was said to be contemplating a play in response to Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot at the time of his death.

In addition, he wrote some of his most famous poems during these last years, including the "Buckower Elegies. The following year, he contracted a lung inflammation and died of a coronary thrombosis heart attack on August 14, Lyon points out in Brecht Unbound, "Brecht appears to have been someone whose death did more to advance his career than any single act of his life.

Almost from the moment of his funeral, officials in East Germany began a process that rapidly transformed him from a troublemaker into an almost saintly literary classic, while West German intellectuals, theater people, and publishers who discovered and promoted his works quickly laid the foundation for a 'Brecht industry' that still flourishes today.

In the process, and despite a propensity for causing trouble long after his death, Brecht became, depending bertolt brecht how one views it, one of the most dominant influences on, or obstacles to, the development of German theater and literature in both Germanys for the next two-and-a-half decades.

Poor Bertolt Brecht came from the black forest a poet of the forest that chilled him to the very bone In his early plays, Brecht experimented with dada and expressionism, but in his later work, he developed a style more suited his own unique vision.

He detested the "Aristotelian" drama and its attempts to lure the spectator into a kind of trance-like state, a total identification with the hero to the point of complete self-oblivion, resulting in feelings of terror and pity and, ultimately, an emotional catharsis.

He didn't want his audience to feel emotions--he wanted them to think--and towards this end, he determined to destroy the theatrical illusion, and, thus, that dull trance-like state he so despised. He envisioned the theater as more of a debate hall than a place of illusions. The result of Brecht's bertolt brecht was a technique known as "verfremdungseffekt" or the "alienation effect".

Bertolt Brecht

He died of a heart bertolt brecht in East Berlin the following year. Brecht was, first, a superior poet, with a command of many styles and moods. As a producer he liked lightness, clarity, and firmly knotted narrative sequence; a perfectionist, he forced the German theatre, bertolt brecht its nature, to underplay.

The principle, a variety of montageproposed by-passing the "great struggle for supremacy between words, music and production" as Brecht put it, by showing each as self-contained, independent works of art that adopt attitudes towards one another. Brecht formed a writing collective which became prolific and very influential.


Elisabeth HauptmannMargarete Steffin, Emil Burri, Ruth Berlau and others worked with Brecht and produced the bertolt brecht teaching playswhich attempted to create a new dramaturgy for participants rather than passive audiences.

These addressed themselves to the massive worker arts organisation that existed in Germany and Austria in the s. So did Brecht's first great play, Saint Joan of the Stockyardswhich attempts to portray the drama in financial transactions.

Retitled The Bertolt brecht Opera Die Dreigroschenoper it was the biggest hit in Berlin of the s and a renewing influence on the musical worldwide. One of its most famous lines underscored the hypocrisy of conventional morality imposed by the Church, working in conjunction with the established order, in the face of working-class hunger and deprivation: Erst kommt das Fressen First the grub lit.