The Cyrus cylinder: clay cylinder; a Babylonian account of the conquest of Babylon by Cyrus in BC, of his He ma[de] a counterfeit of Esagil [and ]. The Cyrus Cylinder or Cyrus Charter (منشور کوروش Manshūre Kūrosh) is an ancient clay In Finet, A. Actes de la XVIIe Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale. Publications du Comité belge de recherches historiques, épigraphiques et ‎Discovery · ‎Description · ‎Interpretations · ‎Exhibition history. ' Les Antiquités de Suse, découvertes et rapportées par la mission 10/4: EILERS, W. ' 'Le texte cunéiforme du cylindre de Cyrus', ActIr.


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The main road took a longer route across the Babylonian plain before veering east to reach the Iranian Plateau near Behistun.

Furthermore, the variety of countries cylindre de cyrus in the tablets shows that the capitals were connected to all the provinces in the Empire. From Kandahar, another itinerary used by Craterus in gave access directly to the Indus Valley through the Bolan Pass.

File:Cyrus - Wikimedia Commons

Identification of the source cylindre de cyrus proceeded slowly untilwhen Wu Yuhong along with Oxford Assyriologist Stephanie Dalley and Oliver Gurney recognized the text in one bone as coming from the Cyrus Cylinder.

One year later Wu Yuhong presented his findings at the 33rd Rencontre Assyriologique and published them in a journal article. In that same year the British Museum held a conference dedicated to the artifacts. Based on the serious textual errors in the inscription, including the omission of a large number of signs from the Cyrus Cylinder, Wu Yuhong argued the inscriptions were most likely copied from the cylinder while housed in the British Museum or from an early modern publication based upon it.


However he acknowledged the remote possibility it was copied in late antiquity. Finally, after the workshop concluded, an edition of the Cyrus Cylinder by E.

Wallis Budge came to Irving Finkel's attention. This publication used an idiosyncratic typeface and featured a handcopy for only a section of cylindre de cyrus whole cylinder.

However the typeface in that edition matched the paleography on the bone inscriptions and the extract of the cylinder published in the book matched that of the bone as well. This convinced Cylindre de cyrus that the bone inscriptions were early modern forgeries and that has remained the majority opinion since then.

File:Cyrus Cylinder.jpg

Interpretations[ edit ] Mesopotamian and Persian tradition and propaganda[ edit ] According to the British Museum, the Cyrus Cylinder reflects a long tradition in Mesopotamia where, from as early as the third millennium BC, kings began their reigns with declarations of reforms.

The British Museum and scholars of the period describe it as an instrument of ancient Mesopotamian propaganda. It illustrates how Cyrus co-opted local cylindre de cyrus and symbols to legitimize his conquest and control of Babylon. It asserts the virtue of Cyrus as a gods-fearing king of a traditional Mesopotamian type.

On the other hand, it constantly discredits Nabonidus, reviling the deposed king's deeds and even cylindre de cyrus ancestry and portraying him as an impious destroyer of his own people.

As Fowler and Hekster note, this "creates a problem for a monarch who chooses to buttress his claim to legitimacy by appropriating the 'symbolic capital' of his predecessors".

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Together with two fragments of contemporary cuneiform tablets, it will be the centrepiece of an exhibition that celebrates a great moment in the history of the Middle East.

Cyrus Cylinder

The Cylinder was cylindre de cyrus during a British Museum excavation at Babylon in Iraq inand has been in the British Museum since that time. It was originally inscribed and buried cylindre de cyrus the foundations of a wall after Cyrus the Great, the Persian Emperor, captured Babylon in BC.

The Cylinder is written in Babylonian cuneiform by a Babylonian scribe. It records that aided by the god Marduk Cyrus captured Babylon without a struggle, restored shrines dedicated to different gods, and repatriated deported peoples who had been brought to Babylon.

British Museum - Cyrus Cylinder

It was this decree that allowed the Jews to return to Jerusalem and rebuild The Temple. Because of these enlightened acts, which were rare in antiquity, the Cylinder has acquired a special resonance, and is valued by people cylindre de cyrus around the world as a symbol of tolerance and respect for different peoples and different faiths.

These are the qualities for which Cyrus is revered in the Hebrew Bible. These fragments were identified by experts at the Museum earlier this year as being cylindre de cyrus with parts of the same text as the Cylinder but do not belong to it.