DEFINITION OF MUSEUM EBOOK!
The definition of a museum is a building that houses famous works of art, important artifacts and historical objects, or other items of cultural or scientific. Since ICOM's creation in , the ICOM definition of the museum has been evolving to reflect major societal changes and the realities of the international. museum definition: 1. a building where objects of historical, scientific, or artistic interest are kept: 2. a building where people can go to view works of art or objects.
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- Museum | Definition of museum in English by Oxford Dictionaries
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This definition is a definition of museum in the international museum community. The Committee on Museum Definition, Prospects and Potentials MDPP, aims to provide a critical perspective on the current definition as a shared, international framework.
Chinese visitors in the early 19th century named these museums based on what they contained, so defined them as "bone amassing buildings" or "courtyards of treasures" or "painting pavilions" or "curio stores" or "halls of military feats" or "gardens of everything".
The British Museum was described by one of their delegates as definition of museum 'hakubutsukan', a 'house of extensive things' - this would eventually became accepted as the equivalent word for 'museum' in Japan and China.
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A period of intense museum building, in both an intellectual and physical sense was realized in the late 19th and early 20th centuries this is often called "The Museum Period" or "The Museum Age".
While many American museums, both natural history definition of museum and art museums alike, were founded with the intention of focusing on the scientific discoveries and artistic developments in North America, many moved to emulate their European counterparts in certain ways including the development of Classical collections from ancient EgyptGreeceMesopotamiaand Rome.
Drawing on Michel Foucault 's concept of liberal government, Tony Bennett has suggested the development of more modern 19th century museums was part of new strategies by Western governments to produce a citizenry that, rather than be directed by coercive or external forces, monitored and regulated its own conduct.
To incorporate the masses in this strategy, the private space of museums that previously had been restricted and socially exclusive were made public.
As such, objects and artifacts, particularly those related to high culture, became instruments for these "new tasks of social management. Nevertheless, museums to this definition of museum contribute new knowledge to their fields and continue to build collections that are useful for both research and display.
The late twentieth century witnessed intense debate concerning the repatriation of religious, ethnic, and cultural artifacts housed in museum collections.
In the United States, several Native American tribes and advocacy groups have lobbied extensively for the definition of museum of sacred objects and the reburial of human remains.
Some historians and scholars have criticized the British Museum for its possession of rare antiquities from Egypt, Greece, and the Middle East. The roles associated with the management of a museum largely depend on the size of the institution, but every museum has a hierarchy of governance with a Board of Trustees serving at the top.
Museum | Definition of Museum by Merriam-Webster
The Director is next in command and works with the Board to establish and fulfill the museum's mission statement and to ensure that the museum is accountable to the public. Documents that set these definition of museum include an institutional or strategic plan, institutional code of ethics, bylaws, and collections policy.
The American Alliance of Museums Definition of museum has also formulated a series of standards and best practices that help guide the management of museums.
Board of Trustees - The board governs the museum and is responsible for ensuring the museum is financially and ethically sound. They set standards and policies for the museum.
Museum Definition - ICOM
Board members are often involved in fundraising aspects of the museum definition of museum represent the institution. Director- The director is the face of the museum to the professional and public community.
They communicate closely with the board to guide and govern the museum. They work with the staff to definition of museum the museum runs smoothly. According to museum professionals Hugh H. Genoways and Lynne M.
Ireland, "Administration of the organization requires skill in conflict management, definition of museum relations, budget management and monitoring, and staff supervision and evaluation. Managers must also set legal and ethical standards and maintain involvement in the museum profession. All museum employees should work together toward the museum's institutional goal.
Here is a list of positions commonly definition of museum at museums: