Language acquisition usually refers to first-language acquisition, which studies infants' acquisition of their native language, whether that be spoken language or signed language as a result of prelingual deafness.‎Second-language acquisition · ‎Language acquisition · ‎Animal language. First language acquisition theories are expected to answer such questions as: a- WHAT do children learn when they acquire their first language? b- HOW do. The programme First Language Acquisition investigates the acquisition of phonological representations in the lexicon and the role of these representations in.


Author: Tess Wehner
Country: Estonia
Language: English
Genre: Education
Published: 22 December 2016
Pages: 402
PDF File Size: 11.40 Mb
ePub File Size: 19.68 Mb
ISBN: 459-5-17276-778-6
Downloads: 84807
Price: Free
Uploader: Tess Wehner



This program aims at unravelling this. In particular, there has been resistance to the possibility that human biology includes any form of specialization for language. This conflict first language acquisition often referred to as the " nature and nurture " debate.


Of course, most scholars acknowledge that certain aspects of language acquisition must result from the specific ways in which the human brain is "wired" a "nature" component, which accounts for the failure of non-human species to acquire human languages and that certain others are shaped by the particular language environment in which a person is raised a "nurture" component, which accounts for the fact that humans raised in first language acquisition societies acquire different languages.

The as-yet unresolved question is the extent to which the specific cognitive capacities in the "nature" component are also used outside of language.

Language acquisition

Social interactionist theory Social interactionist theory is an explanation of language development emphasizing the role of social interaction between the developing child and linguistically knowledgeable adults. First language acquisition is based largely on the socio-cultural theories of Soviet psychologist Lev Vygotskyand made prominent in the Western world by Jerome Bruner.

Specifically, it asserts that much of a child's linguistic growth stems from modeling of and interaction first language acquisition parents and other adults, who very frequently provide instructive correction.

Another key idea within the theory of social interactionism is that of the zone of proximal development.

  • Language acquisition
  • Linguistics First Language Acquisition
  • The Pedagogical Problems with Language Immersion Programs

Briefly, this is a theoretical construct denoting the set of tasks a child is capable of performing with guidance, but not alone. Relational frame theory[ edit ] Main article: Based upon the principles of Skinnerian behaviorismRFT posits that children acquire language purely through interacting with the environment.

RFT theorists introduced the concept of functional contextualism in language learning, which emphasizes the importance of predicting and influencing psychological events, such as thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, by focusing on manipulable variables in their context.

RFT distinguishes itself from Skinner's work by identifying and defining a particular type of operant conditioning known as derived relational responding, a learning process that, to date, appears first language acquisition occur only in humans possessing a capacity for language.

Empirical studies supporting the predictions of RFT suggest that children learn language via a system of inherent reinforcements, challenging the view that language acquisition is based upon innate, language-specific cognitive capacities.

According to these theories, neither nature nor nurture alone is sufficient to trigger language learning; both of these influences must work together in order to allow children to acquire a language.

The proponents of these theories argue that general cognitive processes subserve language acquisition and that the end result of these processes is language-specific phenomena, such as word first language acquisition and grammar acquisition. The findings of many empirical studies support the predictions of these theories, suggesting that language acquisition is a more complex process than many believe.

In the s within the Principles and Parameters framework, this hypothesis was extended into a maturation-based Structure building model of child language regarding the acquisition of functional categories.

First Language Acquisition - First Language Acquisition

In this model, children are seen as gradually building up more and first language acquisition complex structures, with Lexical categories like noun and verb being acquired before Functional- syntactic categories like determiner and complementiser.

Wernicke's area A part of the brain which is taken to be responsible for the comprehension of language. First language acquisition is located just above the left ear.

Named after Karl Wernicke, the German scientist who discovered the area in the second half of the 19th century. What is language acquisition?

Language acquisition is a process which can take first language acquisition at any period of one's life. In the sense of first language acquisition, however, it refers to the acquisition unconscious first language acquisition of one's native language or languages in the case of bilinguals during the first 6 or 7 years of one's life roughly from birth to the time one starts school.

Characteristics of first language acquisition 1 It is an instinct.


This is true in the technical sense, i. As an instinct, language acquisition can be first language acquisition to the acquisition of binocular vision or binaural hearing.

The amount of time required to acquire one's native language is quite short, very short compared to that needed to learn a second language successfully later on in life. The quality of first language acquisition is far better than that of a second first language acquisition learned later on in life.