Natural Law and the Theory of International Society: Otto von Gierke and the Three Traditions of International Holland - - Journal of. Nationality: German. Historical Period: The 19th Century. Otto von Gierke was a German jurist and legal historian who taught for many years at the. Genealogy for Otto von Gierke (Gierke) ( - ) family tree on Geni, with over million profiles of ancestors and living relatives.


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John D. Lewis, The Genossenschaft-theory of Otto von Gierke - PhilPapers

He never questioned the need for a sovereign state. The pluralistic elements of his theory were always balanced by the dominant role that he assigned to the state and its law.

Nor was he an advocate of any sort of functional federalism for Germany. His devotion to Prussia and the monarchy and his concern for assured unity of the German people moved him steadily toward centralized authority and made him a vigorous critic of the Weimar Constitution of post-World War I Germany.

Maitland as Political Theories of the Middle Age A study of Gierke, which includes translations of several portions of his books and articles, is John Otto von gierke.

A Study in Political Thought Encyclopedia of World Biography. Copyright The Gale Group, Inc.

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He criticized the first draft of a new German civil law code for what he considered the gratuitous addition of Roman law elements to an indigenous Germanic content that was sufficient in itself.

This controversy inspired his Otto von gierke Privatrecht, 3 vol.

Gierke believed that the ideal state was a synthesis of Genossenschaften cooperative associations and Herrschaften groups subordinated to an individual imperious will. His preference for the establishment otto von gierke societal and economic life and order based on groups of individuals contributed to the theoretical foundations of decentralized political-administrative systems.

The following chapters are devoted to summarising descriptions of others of his mayor works, for instance his contributions to the German Lawyers' Association on question of legal education.

Famous are his writings on the first draft of the German Civil Code, promulgated in otto von gierke Indeed, von Gierke was one of the sharpest critics of the 'individualistic' and 'Roman' first draft of the code.


His observations and annotations initiated a considerable degree of improvements in the following legislative procedures, before the final version was set into force in otto von gierke Particular attention has been paid to otto von gierke Gierke's most noteworthy treatise on Johannes Althusius, a German philosopher of law of the outgoing 16th and the commencing 17th century who was a protagonist of the natural law theory and can also be regarded as an intellectual father of modern federalism.