Professional ethics encompass the personal, and corporate standards of behavior expected by . Values, morals, and ethics. Retrieved August 16, ,  ‎Implementation · ‎Examples · ‎Student ethics. Values are what we, as a profession, judge to be right. They are more than words-they are the moral, ethical, and professional attributes of character When there is a disconnect between stated and operating values, it may be difficult to determine what is "acceptable.". Your values and ethics guide the decisions you make. Making decisions against them can lead to regrets that haunt you later and hurt your career. Similarly.


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The reason norms are important for a discussion of ethics and values is that norms may allow or even encourage certain behavior as "OK" that is not in keeping with society's or an organization's stated values.


When there is a disconnect between stated and operating values, it may be difficult to determine what is "right. Do those in the organization know that the behavior is wrong, but condone it nevertheless? Is it clear to the Bosnian Serbs that ethnic cleansing is unethical and wrong, or would it fall under the mantle of behavior that is considered to be acceptable in that society?

Listen to the arguments in support of ethnic cleansing that have been made, and you will find that many of the perpetrators argued that they did nothing wrong, and were values and ethics in profession righting previous wrongs done to them.

York Willbern, in an article entitled "Types and Levels of Public Morality," argues for six types or levels of morality or ethics for public officials. By public officials, he means those who are in policy making positions in public institutions; in other words, strategic decision makers in the government, including the national security arena.

The six levels he differentiates are: In many ways, this level only describes the basic adherence to moral codes that is expected of all members of a group or society. There are some basics of behavior that are expected of all if a society is to function for the collective good.

What Is the Difference Between Professional Values and Ethics?

For public officials, there is an additional reason values and ethics in profession it is important to adhere to these basic moral codes and laws: There also is the negative example that misconduct by public officials provides. This relates to public officials, because it deals with the conflict between advancing the public interest, which a public official is charged values and ethics in profession do, and advancing one's self-interest.

The duty here is to ensure that the public interest comes first, and that one does not advance his own personal interest at the expense of the public.

Willbern uses embezzlement of public funds, bribery, and contract kickbacks as examples of pursuing personal interests at the expense of those of the public.

Values and Ethics

The requirements values and ethics in profession public officials to divest themselves of investments that might be influenced values and ethics in profession the performance of their duties or put them in trust and to recuse themselves in situations where they have a personal interest are designed to help public officials avoid conflicts of interest.

Ultimately, it still comes down to the individual making an ethical decision. Avoidance of conflict of interest is often difficult because it is often hard to separate personal and public interests, and because individuals as private citizens are encouraged to pursue private interests through any legal means.

One of the areas where there is the greatest potential for conflicts of interest is where public officials deal with private organizations which are pursuing their private interests, and where any decision by a public official on allocation of resources will favor some private interest.

Professional ethics - Wikipedia

The fields of government contracting and acquisition are two areas where the possibility of conflicts of interest is high. This level values and ethics in profession closely to the last, and deals with the responsibility of public officials to ensure their actions serve the public, and that the power they wield is used only for that purpose.

It is easy to abuse the power that comes with public office. Procedural safeguards are designed to prevent that abuse.

The moral obligation of public servants is to follow established procedures, and not to use their power to circumvent those procedures for their own convenience or benefit. Power must be used fairly and for the benefit of the public. One can again think of examples of public officials who have violated this moral charge by using their influence and power for their own benefit or for the benefit of special interest groups, or who have circumvented established procedures values and ethics in profession their own benefit or convenience.

One frequent example is the use of government vehicles or aircraft for nonofficial business. These first three levels of public values and ethics in profession share one important characteristic: These three levels are the areas that get most of the attention in discussions of ethics, this is where public officials are most likely to get in trouble.


However, there are three additional levels of public morality equally important. These deal with the content of what values and ethics in profession officials do, "the moral choices involved in deciding what to do, in pursuing the purposes of the state and the society" Willbern.

Given that public officials are operating within a democratic system, they either are elected by the people or appointed by an elected official. This confers upon them the obligation to carry out the will of the people.