Christian Wolff (–), also known as Christian von Wolfius, was a Toward the end of his Ontologia, Wolff makes an attempt to. review?id=1HsPAAAAQAAJ. Philosophia prima: sive ontologia. By Christian Freiherr von Wolff. Philosophia Prima, Sive Ontologia, Methodo Scientifica Pertractata, Qua Omnis Cognitionis Humanae Principia Continentur. Front Cover · Christian von Wolff.


Author: Miss Jake Morar
Country: Poland
Language: English
Genre: Education
Published: 17 October 2017
Pages: 780
PDF File Size: 16.47 Mb
ePub File Size: 11.53 Mb
ISBN: 794-2-68339-310-5
Downloads: 39399
Price: Free
Uploader: Miss Jake Morar



As we have seen, Wolff believes that we learn the truth of this principle by attending to the psychological experience of not being able to wolff ontologia affirm and deny our own existence in introspection.

The remaining four self-evident principles, however, are demonstrable in the strict sense and each, he believes, can be derived from POC. Nothing exists without a sufficient reason for why it exists rather than does not exist. That is, if something is posited to exist, something must also be posited that explains why the first thing exists rather than does not exist.

Christian Wolff (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Let us assume that some A exists without a sufficient reason for why it exists rather than does not exist.

What is more, A is admitted to exist because nothing is assumed to exist: In his early publication, New Elucidation of the First Principles of Metaphysical Cognition [], Kant provides a critique of this argument.

First, whether or not Wolff succeeds in his task of proving PSR does not significantly detract from his basic conviction that all axiomatic principles of the human mind are derivable wolff ontologia POC.

Strictly speaking, Wolff believes that POC is the only indemonstrable self-evident truth and that all true propositions can in theory be demonstrated to be true by means of a deductively sound argument.

The latter part of this claim is certainly provocative. In this respect, Kant's criticism of Wolff's proof, which certainly appears to be correct, cannot wolff ontologia itself serve to undermine Wolff's claim for the demonstrability of PSR from POC.

The second important point to keep in mind is that although the early Kant is critical of Wolff's demonstration of PSR, he does not challenge the principle's status as an innate principle.

Christian Wolff

According wolff ontologia Wolff, every being is endowed with an essential nature. Possible things have natures insofar as they as are comprised of a number of non-contradictory determinations or predicates. Different sets of determinations, and the relationships among these determinations, serve as the principle of individualization wolff ontologia the realm of possible things.

Hence, to provide the reason for a possible thing is simply to enumerate the determinations that make that thing the kind of possible thing that it is.

A being, in the most general sense, is comprised of three different types of determinations: Essential determinations define the essential nature of wolff ontologia being and a being's attributes follow from, or are determined by, its essentials.

Thus to say a nominal being is indeterminate is wolff ontologia say that there are modes of it that may or may not be present.

  • Philosophia prima: sive ontologia - Christian Freiherr von Wolff - Google книги
  • Wolff's Ontology: Existence as Complement of Possibility
  • Additional Information

In the weakest sense, since existence is a mode, and nominal beings do not exist as such but are able to come into existence under certain conditions, all nominal beings are indeterminate. Yet as a Principle of Becoming, PSR serves to furnish wolff ontologia causes, or grounds, for why a real individual comes into actuality.

Philosophia prima, sive ontologia

Empirical Facts and Knowledge of Real Existence To be sure, PSR is central to Wolff's entire exposition of wolff ontologia and figures prominently in all levels of his philosophical analysis.

Even more so than his rationalist wolff ontologia, such as Descartes and Leibniz, Wolff elevates the role of human reason as the premier instrument of human knowledge.

In retrospect, what is remarkable about Wolff's rationalism is that Wolff wolff ontologia sought to defend his conception of reason against the rising tide of empiricism which at the time aimed to limit the role of reason as an instrument of human knowledge.

Unlike Descartes and to some extent Leibniz, Wolff advanced a rationalist philosophy within an intellectual climate that was downright hostile to the authority of reason. Yet instead of posing a counterattack, highlighting the deceiving nature of empirical knowledge and empiricism generally, Wolff sought to accommodate the claims of his wolff ontologia.

Mathematical knowledge differs from both historical and philosophical knowledge. For history rests in the bare knowledge of the fact.

In philosophy wolff ontologia discover the reason of things which are or can be.